Order perennial bulbs now for spring color


St. Keverne is one of the best daffodils for southern gardens. Bulbs planted later this fall will bloom next March.

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Published: Thursday, September 26, 2013 at 02:45 PM.

Spring blooming bulbs are some of our earliest flowering perennials, bursting into bloom at a time most of us are desperate to see colors other than brown and gray. While late fall (mid-November through mid-December) is the best time to plant spring blooming bulbs in our region, early fall is the time to order or buy them, but not all varieties are equally long lived. Make the most of your bulb planting experience by seeking out these reliably perennial varieties. 

Recommended varieties

Daffodils are among the most well-known of spring bloomers, but not all types are equally reliable in our region. If you are looking for a classic large flowered yellow daffodil that will return and multiply for years to come, plant ‘St.Keverne’, one of the best all-around performers for southern landscapes. For a splash of color very early in the season, try ‘Jack Snipe’, a low growing, bicolor yellow and white variety that blooms in February.

Also dependable are the varieties sometimes referred to as jonquils, known for their exceptionally fragrant blossoms. One of my favorites is ‘Quail’, which bears multiple golden yellow blossoms on each stem. Other great daffodils for fragrance and reliability include ‘Minnow’, a low growing variety with white and yellow blossoms, and ‘Cheerfulness’, a hardy paperwhite type with double white flowers.

More reliably perennial spring blooming bulbs for our climate include Spanish bluebells (Hyacinthoides hispanica), with spikes of blue blossoms that open the same time as azaleas; summer snowflake (Leucojum aestivum), whose dainty spikes of white bell shaped flowers resemble lily of the valley and open in April; and starflower (Ipheon uniflorum), a low growing, early bloomer with icy blue, star shaped blossoms. In addition to being perennial, these bulb varieties, along with daffodils, are rarely bothered by deer or rabbits.  

If you have gardened in the south for more than a couple of seasons you have probably already discovered large flowered hybrid tulips are not perennials here. But have you ever tried the smaller flowered species tulips? One of the best for our region is the lady tulip, Tulipa clusiana ‘Cynthia’. This early blooming, ten inch tall tulip bears dainty yellow and rose-red blossoms in late March and has returned to bloom and multiply in my garden for several years now. 

For color beyond spring, add lilies to your landscape. Two reliable types for our region are Asiatic lilies and oriental lilies. Asiatic lilies tend to be a shorter and bloom slightly earlier than oriental lilies, in May and June, with blossoms in bright shades of orange, yellow, white, pink, and red. Oriental lilies are what most people think of when they picture a lily. ‘Stargazer’ is one of the most popular varieties, bearing large, fragrant, raspberry red blossoms on three foot tall stems in June and July. Both types thrive in sun to part shade and well drained soil, but are a favorite of deer so plant them close to your home or in a fenced area.

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