Our Topsail Turtle Project volunteers are officially on the clock, celebrating not only Mother’s Day on May 11 but a whole summer of motherhood as sea turtle mamas start heading to Topsail to nest.
The project has its roots in the early ’80s when Karen Beasley recruited a small cadre of friends dedicated to the protection of nesting turtles and their hatchlings. Today, under the guidance of Director of Beach Operations Terry Meyer there are over 150 volunteers who patrol every inch of beach on Topsail Island from May 1 through the end of August. Whether you’re a local or just here for a few days or weeks you’ve no doubt run into those early birds decked out in their Topsail Turtle Project patrol shirts who rise with the sun (and before the incoming tides) to scout for turtle tracks.
Topsail is pretty much loggerhead territory, although we have had several greens nest here in recent years. Recent research has shown that our northern loggerheads do not reach maturity until about 35 years of age, so these ladies trudging through the sand are pretty good-sized gals, many of them tipping the scales at around 300 pounds. They are not built for land travel, so you can imagine the effort involved in hauling yourself through the sand on flippers to find the perfect home for your babies. Believe it or not that’s the easy part!
Once mom selects a spot, she digs out a nest about 2-feet deep, using only her rear flippers. Then she deposits her clutch of eggs, which average about 100-120 a nest. After carefully filling and packing the nest with sand she uses her powerful flippers to fling sand all around the area to disguise her work. Then it’s the long haul back to the sea where she spends a few weeks of R&R before her next trip ashore. It’s normal for these gals to lay between one and five nests over the course of the summer.
For the past several years we have been participating in a research project (University of Georgia) tracking the nesting patterns of our northern loggerheads. One egg is harvested from each nest and the DNA and other data is recorded and analyzed. The results to-date are quite interesting and show that sea turtles are indeed mysterious in their nesting habits. Some ladies nested several times in a very small area of beach, while others were less discriminating and traveled up and down the eastern seaboard. These critters continue to surprise and amaze those of us who work with them.
Although we have many eyes on the beach our visitors have always played a critical part in our work. Many times we have gotten calls in the night that “there’s a turtle on the beach.” There are some important things that you can do during nesting season to keep our ladies safe.
• Do not harass a nesting turtle in any way. Not only is it illegal but you could cause her so much stress that she abandons the process and loses her eggs. Stay back, do not crowd or chase her or take flash photography. Keep pets away.
• Keep beachfront lighting to a minimum. Turtles can become disoriented by bright lights and head off in the wrong direction. We have had several instances over the years where mamas actually ended up in parking lots and on the highways.
• Do not leave large items (chairs, canopies, umbrellas) on the beach overnight. A turtle can become entangled in these.
• If you dig a hole do not walk away without replacing all the sand. It’s dangerous not only to turtles but to humans who can stumble into it and break a bone (it’s happened.)
• Respect the nest and any instructions from our Topsail Turtle Project volunteers. They have all been trained in the proper procedures. We do encourage you to ask them any questions that you might have, however.
Please report all local sea turtle activity to Terry at 910-470-2880. If unable to reach her you may also contact Director Jean Beasley at 910-470-2800. The state of NC also has a hotline for strandings (injured or sick turtles): 252-241-7367 and the call will be picked up 24/7.
Summer tour schedule
We will open our doors to everyone beginning June 5th. Days and hours can be found on website (seaturtlehospital.org) and our Facebook page (The Karen Beasley Sea Turtle Rescue & Rehabilitation Center).
Questions, comments, suggestions??
Please direct any questions, comments or suggestions re: this column to me at: firstname.lastname@example.org. This column is in the off-season schedule of publication of every other week. To be added to the newsletter list e-mail me at the same address: email@example.com. Next edition is “under construction.”
Karen Sota is the volunteer media coordinator for the Sea Turtle Hospital in Topsail Beach.